Healthcare and Hospital Evacuation Program
Evacuation of a healthcare facility may be necessary following an emergency such as a facility fire or damage from a natural disaster such as an earthquake or flooding. The decision to evacuate a healthcare facility will be based on the ability of the facility to maintain the environment of care for a patient, versus the safety of its staff. Immediate threats to life and safety, such as internal fires or unstable structures, will require emergent evacuation, while other situations may allow for a planned evacuation. The evacuation program developed by HSS EM Solutions™ is intended to provide guidance on the differences between evacuation and shelter-in-place including the roles and responsibilities of healthcare facilities and their respective community partners.
HSS EM Solutions’ Evacuation Program provides guidance on the different factors involved in hospital evacuation either immediately following a disaster, or in advance of an event, based on some degree of forewarning. HSS’ Evacuation Plan is intended to supplement hospital Emergency Operations Plan, and focuses on the specifics of how the hospital will either shelter-in-place or carry out an evacuation once the decision has been made. Many individual hospital evacuation plans lack specific guidance on how to make that critical decision, including what factors to consider and for how long the decision may be safely deferred. All evacuation training is delivered by a Healthcare EM professional with a wealth of (real-world) hospital experience.
HSS’ unique approach to this important area of healthcare readiness involves a four step approach, encompassing:
- Development of an all-hazard, facility-specific Evacuation Plan.
- Role-specific training (and education) to both leadership and frontline staff, separately. This allows each group to have a clear understanding of their role and responsibilities during an evacuation, and also maximizes their time investment in learning.
- Delivery of an evacuation drill, to include frontline staff and the Hospital Incident Management Team (HIMT).
- Completion of a Joint Commission (TJC), CMS, and Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) compliant After Action Report/Improvement Plan (AAR/IP).
|Hospital Evacuation Training for Leadership (including
|Hospital Evacuation Training for Frontline Staff||12||45 Minutes (per unit)|
|Hospital Evacuation Tabletop Exercise||24||2 or 4 Hours|
|Nursing Home Evacuation Training for Leadership||50||4 Hours|
|Nursing Home Evacuation Training for Frontline Staff||12||45 Minutes|
|Nursing Home Evacuation Tabletop Exercise||24||2 or 4 Hours|